Comparison of JavaScript frameworks (2023 version)

Choosing a JavaScript framework will make your development smoother and support your business success. This guide will show you how JavaScript frameworks compare in 2023.


JavaScript developers are on the rise, and many developers are focused on developing more applications using JavaScript frameworks.

JavaScript frameworks have been developed by many engineers over the last ten years, offering a variety of ideas and rules.

JavaScript is an integral part of website design. So choose the best JavaScript framework

Commitment is an important factor in smoothing development and contributing to business success.

This guide will introduce you to the frameworks to watch for JavaScript development in 2023.

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Framework nameGithubStarsRecommendation


Vue.js - JavaScript Framework

Vue.js is the premier framework for creating PWAs (Progressive Web Apps). PWA is a mechanism that allows mobile websites to be used like apps, providing users with push notifications and offline usage experiences.

Vue.js employs an architectural pattern called MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel), which separates the view (graphical user interface) from the application’s model (business logic). A ViewModel acts as a middle layer that synchronizes the view and model data. This two-way data binding feature is very powerful.

In a normal MVC framework, data can only be exchanged in one direction, and usually you need to write logic in the controller to handle data exchange, but Vue.js doesn’t require that.


  1. Virtual DOM Web pages are usually manipulated using JavaScript, which manipulates a tree structure called the DOM (Document Object Model). Vue.js uses a less expensive approach to rendering than the regular DOM called Virtual DOM. Virtual DOM is usually managed by Vue.js, so users don’t need to be aware of it.

  2. MVVM architecture Vue.js is MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel

) architecture pattern, which can improve development speed. Because unlike normal MVC, you don’t need to be aware of the controller.

  1. Animation function Vue.js offers many animation features to improve the user experience when manipulating the DOM. These features are lightweight and have a low learning cost.

  2. Simplicity Compared to major JavaScript frameworks, Vue.js is very simple to write. As such, it has a low learning cost and is suitable for small development projects.

  3. Specialized in SPAs (Single Page Applications) Vue.js specializes in SPA (Single Page Application) development and can be easily developed.


  1. Fewer rules Vue.js is a very simple framework. This may feel like part of the MVVM architecture pattern. But simplicity alone does not guarantee project success. For large-scale development, other frameworks may yield better long-term results.

Sample code

      <title>Hello World</title>
      <script src=""></script>
      <div id="intro" style="text-align:center;">
         <h1>{{ message }}</h1>
      <script type="text/javascript">
         var vue_det = new Vue({
            el: '#intro',
            data: {
               message: 'Hello World'


If you want to learn more about Vue.js, please refer to Introduction to Vue.js for beginners.


Angular - JavaScript Framework

Angular is a framework for large-scale development, not for small developers.

However, you can start with a small application and it is highly scalable to accommodate project growth.

Angular adopts the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture model. By separating the data layer, business logic layer, and data access layer, this architecture model prevents code complexity and enables the division of roles among engineers.

Angular is developed by Google and has been continuously upgraded for a long time. Extensive documentation and support to get you started developing right away.


  1. TypeScript support Angular supports TypeScript. TypeScript is more maintainable than raw JavaScript and allows for efficient application development.

  2. Two-way data binding Like Vue.js, Angular also employs two-way data binding. This allows developers to do DOM manipulation efficiently.

  3. MVVM architecture Angular uses the MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel) architectural pattern, which can improve development speed. Besides MVVM, it also supports MVM (Model-View-Mediator) architecture model.

  4. Using Directives Angular has a feature set called directives. This allows you to bundle scripts and HTML pages as a single feature and easily incorporate them into your Angular application. Developers can also create their own custom directives.

  5. Extensive documentation Angular is developed by Google, so the official documentation is very clear and complete. Even beginners can develop using only the official documentation.


  1. High cost of learning Angular has a high learning cost compared to other JavaScript frameworks. Basic MVC understanding, complex configuration understanding, various

An understanding of components is required. The threshold may be high for beginners.

  1. Complex documents Actually, Angular also has a successor framework called Angular.js. There is no problem when reading the official documentation, but Angular.js may be mixed up when searching Angular for error resolution. Be careful not to get confused.

Sample code

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'hello-world',
  template: `
    <h2>Hello World</h2>
    <p>This is my first component!</p>
export class HelloWorldComponent {
  // Code in this class controls the behavior of the component.


React - JavaScript library

React is a JavaScript library developed and maintained by Facebook. An open source library for building simple, fast and scalable frontends.

React is popular all over the world and many top brands like Apple, Netflix and PayPal use React.


  1. Virtual DOM Normally, to manipulate a web page, JavaScript manipulates a tree structure called DOM (Document Object Model). React uses a less expensive way to render than the regular DOM called Virtual DOM. The virtual DOM is managed by React, so you don’t have to worry about it.

  2. JSX support JSX is an extended syntax for JavaScript, allowing JavaScript and HTML meta tags to be written in the same syntax. This allows flexible and intuitive development.

  3. Low learning cost Compared to Angular and Vue.js, React has a low learning cost. It has a simple syntax, so even beginners can learn it in a relatively short time.


  1. Low popularity in Japan React is not popular in Japan for some reason. The reason for this is not clear, but one reason is that the official documentation was slow to be translated into Japanese. Therefore, Japanese reference sites and blogs are used in other frames.

It is small compared to the work.

Sample code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>React Test</title>
<div id="root"></div>
<script crossorigin src=""></script>
<script crossorigin src=""></script>
<script type="text/babel">
  <h1>Hello world!</h1>,
  document. getElementById('root')


In recent years, development using a JavaScript framework has become essential. Engineers should reap the benefits of this because it allows them to deliver great designs in less time.

Each JavaScript framework has its own characteristics and suitability, so it is important to consider the compatibility with the project and select the most suitable framework.

We hope this guide will help you choose the best JavaScript framework.